Respiratory Health Problems? Type, Treatment, and Prevention

June 19, 2009 0 Comments

Health Humans need oxygen to stay alive. The respiratory system works every day to supply oxygen intake to maintain normal body functions. When the respiratory system is not healthy or disturbed, various symptoms will arise that can interfere with the health of human life.

What is respiratory distress?

Respiratory disorders refer to various types of diseases or disorders that impede the functioning of the lungs. This disease can affect the ability to breathe.

The causes can come from anywhere, including infection, exposure to harmful substances such as cigarette smoke, or abnormalities in the respiratory system itself.

Types of respiratory disorders
The respiratory disease consists of many types, from mild to serious. The following are the types of respiratory disorders that are commonly recognized.


Flu is a disease caused by infection with the influenza virus. This disease can attack your respiratory system, including your nose, throat, and lungs.

For most people, the flu is considered a mild illness. Symptoms may go away on their own in a few days. However, sometimes the flu can also cause serious conditions, especially in people with weakened immune systems.

Flu transmission is very easy. Influenza viruses spread through the air and can infect when you breathe in droplets from a sick person who coughs or sneezes.


Asthma is one of the most common respiratory disorders. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2019, accounting for around 262 million people worldwide have asthma.

People with asthma often experience symptoms in the form of shortness of breath or making loud breathing sounds (wheezing). There are also asthma attacks called exacerbations or flare-ups. This is a condition when asthma attacks are not controlled.

Asthma is chronic, which means the disease will not go away. No drug can cure asthma. Therefore, patients need ongoing medical treatment so that asthma symptoms can be controlled.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis is caused by the bacterium M. tuberculosis. Similar to the flu, a person can catch TB by breathing air containing droplets from the coughs or sneezes of an infected person.

However, TB transmission is not that easy. It takes long and close contact with a patient until you become infected too. Sometimes, bacteria can also infect without causing symptoms. This condition is called latent TB.

Despite this fact, tuberculosis can be a dangerous respiratory disorder. According to the Indonesian Ministry of Health, this disease is even estimated to have caused 93,000 deaths per year in Indonesia.


This respiratory disorder is an infection that makes the air pockets in the lungs fill with pus or fluid. Due to this condition, patients experience various symptoms such as coughing up phlegm or pus, fever, chills, and shortness of breath.

Pneumonia can be life-threatening, especially in infants and young children, the elderly over 65 years, and people with weakened immune systems.

Based on the cause, there are several types of pneumonia, namely bacterial pneumonia, viral pneumonia, mycoplasma pneumonia, and fungal pneumonia.


COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that obstructs airflow from the lungs. The most common types of diseases are emphysema and chronic bronchitis.

The appearance of COPD symptoms occurs progressively. At the onset of the disease, the patient may not feel any symptoms. The symptoms are only disturbing if the disease has been in your body for a long time.

Some of the symptoms that will appear include chronic cough, cough with phlegm, shortness of breath, wheezing, and fatigue.


Pharyngitis occurs due to inflammation of the pharynx, the upper part of the throat. People know this condition as a sore throat.

This respiratory disorder is not a disease, but rather a symptom that indicates other conditions such as the flu. Its appearance can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection.

When you have pharyngitis, you will experience a sore throat, dry and itchy throat, and pain when swallowing or speaking.

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. In Indonesia alone, lung cancer ranks third as the most common cancer.

The risk of lung cancer is higher in people who smoke. However, lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked.

Symptoms of cancer are not immediately felt at the beginning of its appearance. Most cases of this disease are found in patients when they have entered an advanced stage.

Diagnosis and treatment of respiratory disorders

Before dealing with your health problem, the doctor needs to do an examination first to diagnose the disease. The reason is, any respiratory disorders must be treated according to the underlying disease.

First, the doctor will perform a physical examination to find out the signs and symptoms you are experiencing. The doctor will usually ask about your condition and your previous medical history.

Some respiratory disorders can be characterized by the …

Questions to Ask Yourself Before Going on a Diet

May 12, 2009 0 Comments

DietThe effective way to lose weight is not by reducing the portion of food, but by consistently living a healthy life. In addition, the more knowledge a person has about how the body works, the more successful the method of diet will be. But this generally applies to people who are quite healthy, have a functioning body metabolism, are normal, and do not experience hormonal problems. To successfully diet and consistently live a healthy life, there are generally a few basic questions you should ask yourself.

Questions to answer to start your diet

When you’re losing weight, you should ask yourself a few simple questions. These questions will help you figure out whether the food will help you in achieving your goals or not.

Below is a list of questions that can be a good start. Study this question and ask yourself regularly, as it will lead you towards weight loss and improve your overall health.

Is the food I eat every day healthy?

This is the most important question because not all the foods you eat contain the same calories. If you eat the wrong foods, you can gain weight and your hormonal changes can mess up.

It is recommended to eat nutritious healthy foods such as fibrous vegetables and fruits, eat whole grains that can keep you full for a long time, and consume enough water.

The healthier the food you eat, the better your body will function, and the better your body will work using calories and metabolizing fat. Reduce processed and packaged foods that can make fat in the body more and more

Am I eating enough protein?

The protein you consume will affect and reduce body fat to build muscle. Consume high-protein foods such as eggs, nuts, lean chicken breast, milk, and fish as part of your daily healthy diet.

Is my sugar consumption excessive?

Eating too many foods that contain sugar can hinder the weight loss process (or even cause weight gain).

Sugar can stop your body from feeling full by inhibiting the hormone Leptin. Leptin is responsible for signaling to the brain that you are full. When the hormone leptin decreases, the body becomes more and more seeking sugar intake, and you tend to eat more sugary foods.

Sugar is not only obtained from sweet foods, excess sugar consumption can be obtained from rice, noodles, or bread which are often used as daily staples.

Am I eating enough vegetables?

Vegetables contain various substances called antioxidants. Plants produce antioxidants to fight free radicals which function to slow down aging and protect healthy cells in your body.

To lose weight, try replacing half your portion of rice with green vegetables. No need to be afraid of hunger, because vegetables contain fiber that can make you full longer and contain vitamins and other important minerals.

The Importance of Recovery When Doing Regular Exercise

April 2, 2009 0 Comments

ExerciseIn the world of fitness and sports, there is a culture or myth that says “the more exercise, the better the results for the body”. Is that true? Then, is there a break after regular exercise?

Regular exercise is not always healthy because the body needs to rest

Many people believe that a fit body and toned muscles will only be obtained when they do regular exercise. The body needs a portion of rest or recovery which is as important as the portion of exercise and exercise that has been planned in the program.

Recovery is very important in sports because without recovery we cannot physically adapt to become healthier, stronger, or faster. Because basically, the body needs rest too actually. For example, if you exercise every day, you will psychologically ‘look’ and ‘feel’ stronger. But if you analyze it more deeply, it’s just something that is reflected in your mind.

Your mind that thinks “the harder or more often I exercise, the better my body will be!”, is not true. Exercise moderately, because exercising too hard will destroy the most beneficial results, namely hormones or expressive genes.

When we exercise, the body does not get stronger. When we exercise we damage our energy systems and tissues, causing us to become weak. The more and often we do sports, we will also become weaker and increase the likelihood of illness or injury or what is commonly called ‘ over-training.

For that reason, balance your regular exercise with recovery. It is the combination of exercise and good recovery that will take you to the next level of fitness. Because it requires rest for the recovery process (or repairing damaged parts) after a while of regular exercise. The importance of rest in between regular exercise.

However, it is important to remember that if there are too many stimuli, or the weight of the exercise itself is too heavy, the body will not adapt optimally. The body’s best response is to gradually adjust to the right level of ability, then increase as the body adjusts.

For example, weightlifters do not immediately lift the heaviest weights and exert maximum effort before gaining the stability needed to lift the heaviest loads (periodization phase).

Exercise with maximum effort can overload muscles and tissues. Making them more likely to cause injury. If you don’t give the body a chance to recover, then the stimulus from each exercise is. Or movement will provide further resistance to fitness and more strenuous exercise (fatigue and over-trained ).

Humans have different healing abilities. Therefore no one can know how long the recovery process will take other than your own body.

Some basic instructions can be followed to know when and how long recovery can take, depending on several factors. And if applied to a more advanced level requires experience such as trial and error.

Take note!

If you are feeling tired, then take a break. Don’t push yourself just because you’re glued to the program on a piece of paper. Many factors can stress the body and it is important to be more flexible in your regular exercise schedule.

Benefits of Physical Fitness and Importance for Your Health

March 22, 2009 0 Comments

HealthThe body will expend energy from the results of muscle or skeletal movement when a person performs various physical activities for their health. The more often you move, the body will be able to adjust to the given physical load. Because you are used to it, your body will not easily feel tired from doing these physical activities. Not only that, but the body will also get the benefits of physical fitness which is certainly important for health.

Definition of Physical Fitness

Physical fitness is the body’s efforts to adjust to the physical load received due to daily activities without feeling excessively tired. When a person has a high level of physical fitness, the ability of his physical performance will be even better. The benefits of physical fitness will certainly make your body less tired and daily mobility will not be hampered.

On the other hand, you will not get optimal physical fitness benefits if you do physical activity with too low or too heavy an intensity for a long period. There are several habits that have the potential to reduce body fitness, such as:

  • Too often staying up late.
  • Often spends time sitting in front of a television or computer screen for long periods of time.

Meanwhile, the goals of physical fitness are:

  • Increase stamina, flexibility, and speed.
  • For athletes, physical fitness can improve performance.
  • Improves the nervous system, blood circulation, and heart function.
  • Accelerate the recovery process of body organs after doing physical exercise or due to certain conditions such as postnatal recovery or after an illness.
  • Stimulate growth and development of toddlers and children.

Train the body regularly to accept the burden of physical activity with the right intensity. Do not let the body experience excessive fatigue or injury due to physical activity that is too heavy. Also, avoid habits that can reduce your level of physical fitness. Make sure you get the benefits of physical fitness so that your body stays in shape when carrying out daily activities.

Physical Fitness for Physical and Mental Health

The benefits of physical fitness do not only focus on physical health, but also mental health. The purpose of physical fitness is to increase endurance, flexibility, and body balance as well as to train muscle strength.

In addition, a fit physique can reduce the risk of developing a number of diseases and burn calories. When done regularly with the right intensity, of course, your body will avoid excessive fatigue and injury every day you do your daily routine.

In terms of mental health, the benefits of physical fitness are that it can improve mood while reducing stress and depression. Being active because doing physical fitness exercises can increase the production of endorphins so that feelings of happiness and positive emotions will appear.

You are also able to divert your mind from negative things and avoid stress. A person with a good level of physical fitness also tends to have better mental and emotional health which can reduce the risk of mental disorders.

Elements of Physical Fitness and Types of Exercise

Physical fitness is an important factor to support daily activities. With a fit body, doing activities will not be hampered. However, to get the maximum benefits of physical fitness, there are 10 elements of physical fitness that need to be trained, including:

  • Strength (strength): a condition in which the body is able to use muscle power optimally during physical activity. Forms of physical exercise in the form of sit-ups, push-ups, and back-ups.
  • Endurance (endurance): a person’s ability to perform body movements for a relatively long time with moderate to fast frequency and tempo without feeling tired or sick. An example of endurance exercise is jogging or running for at least 15-30 minutes.
  • Muscular power (muscular power): the ability of muscles to support daily activities. Do weight training to increase muscle power.
  • Speed ​​(speed): the ability of a person to move from one position to another in a short time. Running short-distance sprints is a physical fitness exercise that can increase speed.
  • Flexibility (flexibility): the flexibility of the body to move, especially in the muscles of the joints. Increase flexibility by doing yoga, swimming, or exercise.
  • Agility (agility): the ability of a person to change the direction or position of the body quickly and with high accuracy. train agility or agility by running up and down stairs or squat jumps.
  • Coordination (coordination): the ability to integrate different movements and coordinate body parts appropriately. An example of a coordination exercise is bouncing a tennis ball against a wall with your right hand and then catching it with your left.
  • Balance (balance): a person’s ability to control the body so that the resulting movement can be raised correctly. Practice balance by standing on one foot on tiptoe, lifting one leg back, or doing

The Complete Guide For You to the Paleo Diet

February 19, 2009 0 Comments

DietHave you ever heard of the paleo diet? This features a sort of diet with the primary objective of bettering physique well-being and shedding weight. How is it completely different from different diets? Take a look at evaluations about this diet.

What’s the paleo weight-reduction plan?

The Paleo weight-reduction plan is a weight-reduction plan that adapts the consuming habits of historical ancestors. This diet is also called the traditional human weight-reduction plan ( caveman weight-reduction plan ).

As the identify suggests, this diet follows the dietary habits of individuals within the Paleolithic interval, which is about 2.5 million to 10,000 years past. This weight-reduction plan aims to revive human consuming habits like people in historical instances.

This weight-reduction plan information is to consider that the human physique is extra appropriate to be entered right into a diet just like the ancients, who consumed meals from looking, in comparison with the fashionable weight-reduction plan, the place there have been adjustments to extra refined agricultural programs.

What are the advantages of following the paleo weight-reduction plan?

This weight-reduction plan arose with the concept the human physique is genetically incompatible with trendy diets which can be principally obtained from processed meals.

In trendy instances, a few of the staple meals consumed by most individuals have gone using lengthy processes of processing such as dairy merchandise, seeds, and nuts.

These dietary adjustments are considered past the physique’s potential to adapt. Thus, from this mismatch, numerous dangers come up for weight problems, diabetes, coronary heart illness, and different power ailments.

Consuming meals like our ancestors in prehistoric instances is believed to scale back the danger of illness.

As well as, you can too cut back the glycemic load (the method of changing carbohydrates into glucose) within the physique, cut back ranges of unhealthy saturated fat, and have a greater steadiness of protein, fats, and carbohydrates.

The best way to do the paleo weight-reduction plan?

If you wish to follow a paleo diet, it’s best to eat “pure” (not synthetic) meals, equivalent to:

  • lean meat,
  • fish, particularly fish wealthy in omega-3 fatty acids, equivalent to salmon, mackerel, and tuna,
  • fruits,
  • greens,
  • eggs, as effectively
  • oils from fruits and nuts, equivalent to olive oil, coconut oil, or walnut oil.

You might be prohibited from consuming any form of processed meals, processed meals, or packaged meals. Additionally, it’s not useful that you just eat:

  • milk and dairy merchandise,
  • wheat, oats, and barley,
  • legumes, equivalent to beans, lentils, peanuts, and peas,
  • superb granulated sugar,
  • salt,
  • potatoes, as effectively
  • the oil that has been closely processed, equivalent to canola oil.

You do not have to calculate what number of energy it’s best to eat or what number of energy it’s best to restrict whereas on the paleo diet. Fruits, greens, and lean meats ought to be sufficient to fulfill the day-by-day energy you want.

The start of this diet could also be troublesome for you. Subsequently, you might be given aid when on this diet for the primary time. You might be free to eat no matter what you need for 3 days per week.

As soon as you have adjusted to his weight-reduction plan, you possibly can problem yourself with free meals solely sooner or later per week. Appears to be lighter, would not it?

To get extra advantages in the course of the paleo weight-reduction plan, you might be suggested to train. The train will help you shed some pounds quicker, preserve your weight, and preserve your physique wholesome.

Pattern menu from the paleo weight-reduction plan

Altering your consuming habits will be troublesome. Nevertheless, if you wish to attempt the paleo weight-reduction plan, you can begin with the pattern menu.


You can begin your breakfast with an easy-to-make dish, specifically an omelet. Saute onions, peppers, mushrooms, and broccoli in olive oil. Then high it with an egg fortified with omega-3 and hen breast items.

Have lunch

The primary time, you possibly can attempt to make a salad with a composition of varied substances that you just like. You may make it from a combination of:

  • Greens and fruit, equivalent to spinach, turnip greens, bell peppers, cucumbers, carrots, avocados, almonds, apples, and pears.
  • Meals sources of protein, equivalent to lean meat, hen, or seafood, equivalent to salmon, tuna, and shrimp.
  • Olive oil and lemon juice.


You may make a meal of grilled salmon or fish fillet along with asparagus, broccoli, and spinach, and add garlic and olive oil for an extra scrumptious style.

Keep in mind, you aren’t allowed to add salt. You may eat a wide range of fruits as a dessert out of your dinner.

Do Activities to Improve Brain Intelligence for Toddlers

January 16, 2009 0 Comments

Intelligence Before doing activities to support children’s intelligence, you should create a comfortable environment for children during their development.

In a sense, create a close and positive relationship with children, especially toddlers.

They tend to feel comfortable when they can get love from their parents through reassurance and positive responses to their needs, one of which is food.

Quoting from Keys to Enhancing Brain Development in Young Children, children’s development will increase when parents respond when children give cues asking for support and attention.

Now, after you can build a comfortable environment for children, the following activities can help stimulate children’s brain intelligence more deeply, especially for those aged 1-5 years.

Reading books to improve children’s brain intelligence

Reading is one of the best ways to enhance a child’s brain development.

Even before children can recognize letters or words, reading can stimulate language and communication skills in them.

When you read a book to a toddler, choose a book with pictures that he likes.

Then, only read a book if your child seems interested in it. Don’t forget to involve children by asking open-ended questions while reading.

If necessary, repeat reading the same book to increase the vocabulary collection in children.

For older children, you can ask them to point to a specific picture, such as a house or a cat.

Research also shows that children whose parents read a book for 10 minutes a day from the age of 6 months received more than 300 hours of the type of brain stimulation found in kindergarten.

Play peek-a-boo with children

One of the best games that can build children’s intelligence in their growing period is peek-a-boo.

According to Professor of Pediatrics Jack Shonkoff, without realizing it, by covering your face while playing peek-a-boo, your child is learning.

Repeating the game of peek-a-boo a few times teaches your child that even if you are invisible, you are still there for them.

This game can stimulate the senses in children, build gross motor skills, encourage social development as well as stimulate a sense of humor.

Singing the same song can improve children’s intelligence

A toddler’s brain can be more stimulated by learning from the consistent repetition of an activity.

For example, reading a book as described in the first point and singing the same song over and over again.

It may be boring for an adult or an older child, telling the same thing or sing the same song. However, this is not boring for toddlers.

The reason is, children aged 1-5 years learn through repetition, and this tends to regulate the brain’s neural connections.

In addition, children’s brains tend to be programmed in terms of repeating sounds, patterns, or experiences that provide a sense of comfort.

As a result, repetition activities such as singing are good for helping children’s brain development and are a practical and easy approach to children’s learning.

Involve children in physical activities

According to Northwestern College research findings, a child’s brain development depends on the health of the body, so toddlers need to be involved in sufficient physical activity to keep their bodies fit.

When children are physically active, they unconsciously develop a neurological foundation that can build the structural components of the brain.

The NHS recommends that children under five should spend at least 180 minutes (3 hours) for physical activity, including playing outdoors.

Some physical activities you can try include:

  • play with blocks and other objects
  • jump
  • walk
  • dance
  • swimming
  • play in the park
  • climb
  • active play, like hide and seek
  • throw and catch
  • run fast
  • ride a bike, and
  • skipping.

Involve children in creative art activities to hone creativity

Doing creative arts activities is one of the sensory experiences for toddlers that must be tried.

The reason is, it can hone creativity which is very important for children’s brain development.

These activities will make children explore various existing materials and trigger creativity in developing what can be done with these materials.

Early Learning Instructor Bronwyn Dean provides examples of art activities that parents should avoid giving their children, such as:

  • give coloring book,
  • provide a pattern or model for children to imitate,
  • tell the child what to draw or make,
  • expect children to produce something recognizable or make imitations of real objects,
  • complete the child’s work so that the results look better.

Instead, some of the sensory art activities that parents should provide include:

  • paint directly with fingers,
  • draw using jumbo crayons, large chalk, or other tools,
  • play plasticine or playdough,
  • drawing with a brush, and
  • Make a collage by sticking edible ingredients onto a surface such as paper.

Fever Makes No Appetite? Try These Tips To Eat Back Hungry

December 18, 2008 0 Comments

Fever Fever is a sign that the body is fighting an illness. While useful, this process can also have an uncomfortable effect. One of them is a decrease in appetite because everything that goes into the stomach makes you nauseous. So, is there a way to increase your appetite when you have a fever?

A decreased appetite can leave you with a lack of energy and nutrients. The body needs energy and nutrient intake to strengthen the immune system so that it can fight disease. To keep their needs met, here are several ways you can increase your appetite during a fever.

Eat your favorite food

Fever can reduce the ability of the sense of taste so that food no longer tastes delicious. By providing a variety of favorite foods, eating will feel easier and more enjoyable even though the taste may not be as delicious as usual.

Several studies in the journal Appetite also found that favorite foods can make you eat more.

But keep in mind, if your favorite food is junk food, you still shouldn’t eat it in excess.

Eat small portions but often

Eating large portions will be more difficult when you have a fever. The reason, you get nauseous faster and food may taste blander.

To increase your appetite when you have a fever, you can try eating small but frequent meals.

Based on research published in The Journal Of Nutrition, eating foods high in plant protein can increase appetite. Divide 3 large meals into 5-6 smaller meals.

Between meals, alternate with foods or drinks that can help with fever recovery. For example chicken soup, ginger tea, honey, or fruit.

For example, chicken cream soup can warm and nourish the body when you have a fever.

These foods contain protein, fiber, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, and bioactive compounds that can help maintain a healthy body.

In addition, research from Plants shows that chicken cream soup is a water-rich food so it can help maintain proper hydration and contribute to a low-calorie intake.

Adding herbs and spices that trigger appetite

Several types of herbs and spices are believed to increase appetite naturally. These ingredients work by triggering the production of bile and digestive enzymes that cause hunger, as well as speeding up the rate of metabolism.

The spices and herbs in question include garlic, tamarind, black pepper, coriander, ginger, mint, cinnamon, fennel, and cloves. You can consume these herbs and spices by mixing them as cooking spices.

Avoid long-digested food

Foods that are difficult to digest will last longer in the stomach. For people who are losing weight, this is certainly beneficial because it can suppress appetite. However, not for those of you who are having a fever.

To increase your appetite when you have a fever, you need to avoid long-digested foods. Limit consumption of high-fiber fruits and vegetables, fermented foods, red meat, and products from whole grains and grains.

Get used to not drinking between meals

You are indeed advised to drink more when you have a fever. Unfortunately, drinking water before or between meals can make you feel full faster.

As a result, you can not eat in large quantities.

Some studies have even found that drinking while eating can reduce calorie intake. So, try not to drink 30 minutes before mealtime. After you finish eating, then you can drink again as usual.

Tips to increase appetite when a fever is similar to how to increase appetite in healthy conditions. The difference is, you need to be careful in choosing the food you eat.

Choose foods that are more ‘friendly’ to the stomach, considering the digestive system is usually more sensitive when you are sick. Also limit foods that can stimulate the digestive system, especially spicy and sour foods.