Recognize Injuries and Disorders of the Finger

Injuries Almost every daily activity that you do involves both hands and fingers. This means you are exposing your fingers to various dangers and risks. Therefore, it is very natural that the fingers are prone to injury. So, what are the types of finger injuries that you might experience, and how to deal with them? Come on, see the full explanation below!

What are the types of finger injuries?

Actually, not only the fingers are susceptible to injury, but also the toes. Well, your fingers are lined with a lot of nerve endings when compared to the rest of the body.

Injuries can easily damage these nerves. Many types of finger injuries are quite common, such as the following:


Although classified as very common and very trivial, this is one injury that you still need to pay attention to. Starting from scratches, and peeling skin, to swollen fingers are finger injury problems that you should also pay attention to.


Your fingers and toes can also be sprained. Usually, this injury occurs due to being hit by a hard object, for example being hit by a ball that shoots at high speed.

The incident then caused the joint surface to be impacted thereby sustaining this injury. Usually, this condition can also be referred to as arthritis due to trauma.

Injured fingertips

You may not be aware, but this condition can also occur on your fingertips due to car doors or glass doors. Usually, accidentally, your fingertips are scraped off until they are cut and bleed.

Not only the tips of your fingers but the tips of your nails can also be damaged because of this. If this condition also causes finger bones to break, you may have a bone infection.

Subungual hematoma (blood clot under the nail)

This condition often occurs due to pinched fingers, for example when your fingers are caught in a door. However, not only, this injury can also occur if there is a heavy object that accidentally rests on a finger or toe.

Initially, this condition will indeed cause pain and aches. However, if you get proper treatment from a doctor, the pain may be reduced. In addition, proper handling can reduce the risk of the nail falling off.

Broken bones

Finger or toe injuries that may occur are fractures or bone dislocations. This is one of the conditions that you also need to be aware of.

Tendon injuries

Make no mistake, it turns out that you can also experience tendon injuries in your fingers. Usually, this condition occurs due to impact on the finger. During this injury, the affected tendon is the one that attaches to the bone and tears.

Nerve injury

You can also experience nerve injury to your fingers and toes. This condition can cause decreased tactile sensitivity in your fingers. The reason is that damaged nerves can cause numbness in the fingers.

What are some common finger disorders?

In addition to injuries, your fingers can also experience various disorders that affect the function of tendons and joints. Here are some disorders that attack the fingers and have the potential to cause injury if not treated immediately:

Trigger finger

When experiencing a trigger finger, the fingers will lock in a bent position so they cannot be in a straight position. Yes, this condition can cause limited movement of your finger because it cannot change position.

This may be due to swelling of the tendon. These conditions then prevent or limit you from controlling your fingers.

De Quervain’s syndrome

Meanwhile, De Quervain’s syndrome is another disorder that occurs in the tendons of your thumb. This can be painful, especially when your wrist is moved or when you try to reach for an object.

Not only that, but experts also suspect that this syndrome occurs due to swelling of the tendons, but there is no definite cause for this condition. However, repetitive motion can make the pain worse.


This musculoskeletal disorder can also cause swelling of the fingers along with pain, stiffness, and numbness. Swelling is a very common condition of the fingers.

Sometimes, the temperature can also be a factor that triggers swelling. At high temperatures, your blood vessels can dilate and release more fluid into the soft tissues, causing swelling.

However, in addition to the swelling, according to Medline Plus, osteoarthritis can also cause deformities in your fingers.

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