The body will expend energy from the results of muscle or skeletal movement when a person performs various physical activities for their health. The more often you move, the body will be able to adjust to the given physical load. Because you are used to it, your body will not easily feel tired from doing these physical activities. Not only that, but the body will also get the benefits of physical fitness which is certainly important for health.
Definition of Physical Fitness
Physical fitness is the body’s efforts to adjust to the physical load received due to daily activities without feeling excessively tired. When a person has a high level of physical fitness, the ability of his physical performance will be even better. The benefits of physical fitness will certainly make your body less tired and daily mobility will not be hampered.
On the other hand, you will not get optimal physical fitness benefits if you do physical activity with too low or too heavy an intensity for a long period. There are several habits that have the potential to reduce body fitness, such as:
- Too often staying up late.
- Often spends time sitting in front of a television or computer screen for long periods of time.
Meanwhile, the goals of physical fitness are:
- Increase stamina, flexibility, and speed.
- For athletes, physical fitness can improve performance.
- Improves the nervous system, blood circulation, and heart function.
- Accelerate the recovery process of body organs after doing physical exercise or due to certain conditions such as postnatal recovery or after an illness.
- Stimulate growth and development of toddlers and children.
Train the body regularly to accept the burden of physical activity with the right intensity. Do not let the body experience excessive fatigue or injury due to physical activity that is too heavy. Also, avoid habits that can reduce your level of physical fitness. Make sure you get the benefits of physical fitness so that your body stays in shape when carrying out daily activities.
Physical Fitness for Physical and Mental Health
The benefits of physical fitness do not only focus on physical health, but also mental health. The purpose of physical fitness is to increase endurance, flexibility, and body balance as well as to train muscle strength.
In addition, a fit physique can reduce the risk of developing a number of diseases and burn calories. When done regularly with the right intensity, of course, your body will avoid excessive fatigue and injury every day you do your daily routine.
In terms of mental health, the benefits of physical fitness are that it can improve mood while reducing stress and depression. Being active because doing physical fitness exercises can increase the production of endorphins so that feelings of happiness and positive emotions will appear.
You are also able to divert your mind from negative things and avoid stress. A person with a good level of physical fitness also tends to have better mental and emotional health which can reduce the risk of mental disorders.
Elements of Physical Fitness and Types of Exercise
Physical fitness is an important factor to support daily activities. With a fit body, doing activities will not be hampered. However, to get the maximum benefits of physical fitness, there are 10 elements of physical fitness that need to be trained, including:
- Strength (strength): a condition in which the body is able to use muscle power optimally during physical activity. Forms of physical exercise in the form of sit-ups, push-ups, and back-ups.
- Endurance (endurance): a person’s ability to perform body movements for a relatively long time with moderate to fast frequency and tempo without feeling tired or sick. An example of endurance exercise is jogging or running for at least 15-30 minutes.
- Muscular power (muscular power): the ability of muscles to support daily activities. Do weight training to increase muscle power.
- Speed (speed): the ability of a person to move from one position to another in a short time. Running short-distance sprints is a physical fitness exercise that can increase speed.
- Flexibility (flexibility): the flexibility of the body to move, especially in the muscles of the joints. Increase flexibility by doing yoga, swimming, or exercise.
- Agility (agility): the ability of a person to change the direction or position of the body quickly and with high accuracy. train agility or agility by running up and down stairs or squat jumps.
- Coordination (coordination): the ability to integrate different movements and coordinate body parts appropriately. An example of a coordination exercise is bouncing a tennis ball against a wall with your right hand and then catching it with your left.
- Balance (balance): a person’s ability to control the body so that the resulting movement can be raised correctly. Practice balance by standing on one foot on tiptoe, lifting one leg back, or doing the wax stance.
- Accuracy (accuracy): the ability of the body to control a variety of free movements to be right on target. Sports that require accuracies, such as football, bowling, archery, and basketball.
- Reaction (reaction): the ability to immediately act or respond to stimuli and movements that are captured by the body’s senses. Basketball can also train reactions because it involves throwing and catching the ball.
To get the benefits of physical fitness, the 10 elements above need to be trained regularly. In addition to practicing the elements above, make sure you also live a healthy lifestyle by giving your body a full intake of nutrients.